LNWR Composite Dining Carriage

65ft. 6ins. Composite (2nd and 3rd Class) Dining Carriages: London and North Western R.

The Railway Engineer, July 1901, pp199-200.

p199
By the courtesy or Mr. C. A. Park, M.Inst.C.E., carriage superintendent of the L. and North Western R., we are able to illustrate the latest type of 2nd and 3rd class dining cars which he has designed. Like the 1st class sleeping carriages (illustrated in the Railway Engineer, February and March, 1899), and also the new 1st class dining carriages are 65 ft. 6 ins., and are we believe, the longest and finest carriages in the country. The carriages are mounted on six-wheeled bogies having a wheel-bas of 11 ft. 6 ins., and which are 42 ft. from centre to centre. The underframes, bogies, wheels and axles, brake and draw-gear are standard for all the three types of carriages mentioned above, and as considerable numbers of each have been turned out of the company’s carriage works at Wolverton, considerable economy must have resulted from this standardization of design.
The carriages under notice are divided into three principal compartments and two lavatory compartments, viz. :—the 2nd class dining saloon, for 18 passengers, 20 ft. long, and the kitchen 18 ft. 1½ ins. clear. The lavatory compartments are 3 ft. 6 ins. and 3ft. 9 ins. long respectively. The kitchen is divided into the kitchen proper and the bitler’s pantry. The width of the carriage is 8 ft. 6 ins. wide over the body. The carriage has vestibule ends and the usual central gangway.
Like the 1st class dining saloons above referred to, these carriages are complete in themselves, thought he capacity of the kitchen is sufficient to serve the passengers of the assistant or corridor dining carriages (illustrated in the Railway Engineer, January, 1898), which are coupled up when required.
The arrangements of the kitchen are very complete and large supplies of gas and water are carried in cylinders slung in iron straps from the roof.
The kitchens and lavatories are lined with “Emdeca,” or enamelled zinc, which, besides being bright and pleasing and having all the advantages of glazed tiles, is much lighter, and practically having no joints is easier to keep clean.
The framing throughout is of teak.
The upholstery and trimming of the saloons does not differ materially from the L. and North Western standards. In the 2nd class the framing is of mahogany, with white mahogany panels. The seats are

p200
fixed and have mahogany frames and white mahogany panels, and are upholstered with a soft piled material having a pleasing pattern in red, black and gold. The ceiling panels are white lincrusta with a raised pattern tinted terra cotta; and there is a carpet on the floor to match.
The 3rd class is similar in general design, but the woods used are teak for the frames and fascias, anf light wainscot oak for the panels. The seats are upholstered in brown and gold combination rep. The ceiling panels are lincrusta with the pattern coloured buff, and the floor is covered with linoleum.
All the side lights are fixed and thereby much trouble is saved, and the carriages are kept much cleaner. The carriages are, however, adequately ventilated by “Torpedo” air extractors placed in the positions indicated on the drawings, and there are long flap ventilators opening upwards, and which may be regulated by the passengers. But in addition, each saloon is fitted with two small fans for agitating the air, and which are worked by electricity taken from the electroliers. All these carriages being fitted with Stone’s electric light apparatus. There are parcel nets of brass wire along the sides and also above the backs of the seats, on which they are carried by ornamental brass supports.
The heating is on the high-pressure hot-water system, and the position of the coke burning stove is shown on the drawing. For comfort in travelling these carriage leave nothing to be desired. They ride well and very smoothly, and though perhaps not so gorgeous special Americal cars, are much superior to the ordinary car running in the States.
Both the carriage and bogie underframes are of steel, and as Mr. Park has kindly furnished us with drawings we shall illustrate them in an ealry issue.
The weight of these carriages is about 40 tons.

p199
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Sourced by: David Winter, courtesy Manchester Libraries.
Transcribed by: Michael Fearn, April 2010.